Design for AM

Redesigned for Additive Manufacturing: Serial production of a new fuel swirler for Siemens gas turbine

Whilst the principles of Design for Additive Manufacturing (DfAM) may suggest ‘clean-sheet’ components are the best way to reap the benefits of AM technology, many examples of redesigns have brought significant performance and economic benefits. In this article, Ray Huff and Terry Wohlers report on further success at Siemens in the use of AM for gas turbine fuel swirlers, highlighting both the development process and the evolving role of digital data in manufacturing. ... Read more »

Fig. 1 Swirlers and burner assembly and their location in the gas turbine (Courtesy Siemens)

Linear AMS: How an AM service provider is embracing the new infrastructure of on-demand manufacturing

In 2016 SAP and UPS announced their collaboration to develop a supply chain management solution that spans the complete AM process chain, from component evaluation and design to delivery of the final product. Leading US-based AM service provider Linear AMS, a Moog company, is one of several manufacturers involved in the venture. Linear AMS’s Bruce Colter and Moog’s George Small review the drivers behind on-demand manufacturing and present recent developments in materials, applications and component verification. ... Read more »

Fig. 1 An example of the design and functionality that can be achieved with metal Additive Manufacturing (Courtesy Linear AMS)

Additive Manufacturing of a honeycomb structured Ti-6Al-4V oil-gas separation rotor for aero-engine applications

The aerospace sector has been a key driver in the commercial development of metal Additive Manufacturing. Whilst some of the major application announcements of recent years can be looked back upon as milestones for the industry, numerous lower profile developments continue to demonstrate how metal AM has the capability to increase efficiency and add value in a multitude of application areas. We review a paper published in the Journal of the Minerals, Metals & Materials Society highlighting the potential for an innovative oil-gas separation rotor for aero-engine applications. ... Read more »

Fig. 1 Ti-6Al-4V honeycomb oil–gas separation rotor additively manufactured by SEBM

From lightweighting and material efficiency to energy consumption: Where are we on AM’s sustainability journey?

Additive Manufacturing has been heralded as a game-changing technology of the future. But while many ‘green’ and ecological initiatives have bloomed from the AM movement, the question remains: “Is AM environmentally friendly?” As Olaf Diegel, Ray Huff, and Terry Wohlers explain, the short answer is: it can be, in the hands of good designers and well-informed manufacturers. As with any tool or process, knowledge and experience are key. It is important to explore the many ways AM is applied in sustainable ways and whether it is improving. [First published in Metal AM Vol. 6 No. 1, Spring 2020] ... Read more »

Metal AM magazine Summer 2022

Velo3D: How a ‘support-free’ Laser Powder Bed Fusion process could remove roadblocks to serial Additive Manufacturing

With its Sapphire machine and Flow build preparation software capable of highly-controlled, virtually support-free Additive Manufacturing, Velo3D is pushing the limits of what is possible with Laser Powder Bed Fusion (L-PBF). Since launching its first machine in 2018, the California-based company has seen success with a range of highly complex parts which would challenge even the most experienced AM engineer. In this article, Zach Murphree, Velo3D’s Vice President of Technical Partnerships, explains the key factors which set the company’s process apart from the wider AM market. [First published in Metal AM Vol. 5 No. 3, Autumn 2019] ... Read more »

Metal AM magazine Summer 2022

DfAM insight: How to choose candidate products for AM production applications

With the right training and experience, a design engineer can quickly make an informed decision on whether a production part might be suitable for Additive Manufacturing. For the rest of us, some basic rules can be applied to understand if a product is a good fit. Here, Ray Huff and Terry Wohlers outline six questions that should be asked before going down the AM route for series production, and present a selection of successful real-world application examples that illustrate the issues raised. ... Read more »

Metal AM magazine Summer 2022

VBN Components: Additive Manufacturing delivers a new generation of wear-resistant carbide parts

Sweden’s VBN Components AB has successfully combined the design freedoms offered by Additive Manufacturing with innovative process and material developments to create a new generation of high-strength, carbide-rich tool materials. These unique, patented alloys are transforming tool and wear component performance across a range of applications, from gear cutting hobs to food processing and the mining sector. Isabelle Bodén reports on the company’s development and the unique properties of its products. [First published in Metal AM Vol. 5 No. 2, Summer 2019] ... Read more »

Metal AM magazine Summer 2022

From rapid prototyping to rocket engines: The evolution of 3T Additive Manufacturing

With two decades of experience in part production using Additive Manufacturing technologies, 3T Additive Manufacturing Ltd, based in Newbury, UK, today enjoys a strong position as an international developer and supplier of cutting edge metal AM components. At a time of transition for the company, Metal AM magazine’s Nick Williams and Emily-Jo Hopson met with outgoing CEO Ian Halliday and his successor, Nigel Robinson, to discuss the evolution of the metal AM industry to date and the business’s plans for further expansion [First published in Metal AM Vol. 5 No. 1, Spring 2019] ... Read more »

Metal AM magazine Summer 2022

Scalmalloy® is too expensive and design optimisation only makes sense in aerospace. True or false?

Additive Manufacturing is not a cheap production process. The software, machine time, materials and expertise required to make the most of the technology all come at a significant cost. The resulting financial pressures may give rise to the temptation to select a material on its price and view advanced topology optimisation as a luxury. As Jon Meyer, APWORKS, and John Barnes, The Barnes Group Advisors, demonstrate, the unique capabilities of AM mean that basing material choice on cost without considering the impact of material performance on the mass of the part is a false economy, limiting the competitiveness of AM and the potential of an application [First published in Metal AM Vol. 5 No. 1, Spring 2019] ... Read more »

Metal AM magazine Summer 2022

Understanding build failures in Laser Powder Bed Fusion: An overview

Build failures remain a major challenge in metal Additive Manufacturing, particularly on large parts for which build times are measured in many days rather than hours. They come at a high price in lost machine time, wasted material and delayed deliveries. Olaf Diegel and Terry Wohlers explain a number of reasons for such failures in Laser Powder Bed Fusion processes. In many cases, one can reduce their risk through effective part and support design, parameter control and machine maintenance. [First published in Metal AM Vol. 5 No. 1, Spring 2019] ... Read more »

Metal AM magazine Summer 2022

In the latest issue of Metal AM magazine

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Extensive AM industry news coverage, as well as the following exclusive deep-dive articles:

  • Transforming access to medical implants with PrinterPrezz
  • Lessons from 2021’s Olympic bike crash
  • Xerox liquid metal AM
  • Additive Manufacturing for oil, gas and maritime
  • Multi-material metal parts by Powder Bed Fusion
  • Findings from Wohlers Report 2022
  • The challenge of grain size: X-ray powder diffraction analysis of parts made by metal AM

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    The free to access Metal Additive Manufacturing magazine archive offers unparalleled insight into the world of metal Additive Manufacturing from a commercial and technological perspective through:

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    • Reviews of key technical presentations from the international conference circuit
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